1. What are cookies?

Cookies are text files that the sites visited send to the user’s browser, which are stored and then retransmitted to the site during the next visit.

  1. What are cookies used for?

Cookies can be used to monitor sessions, to authenticate a user so they can access a site without typing in their username and password each time, and to store their preferences.

  1. What are technical cookies?

So-called technical cookies are used for navigation and to facilitate the access and use of the site by the user. Technical cookies are essential, for example, to access Google or Facebook without having to log in during each session. They are also important in delicate operations such as home banking or payment by credit card or other systems.

  1. Are Analytics cookies technical cookies?

In other terms, are the cookies that are inserted into the browser and retransmitted via Google Analytics or through the Blogger Statistics service or similar considered technical cookies? The Guarantor has stated that these cookies can be considered technical only if “used for site optimization purposes directly by the site owner, who can collect information in aggregate form about the number of users and how they visit the site. Under these conditions, the same rules on information and consent apply to analytics cookies as to technical cookies.”

  1. What are profiling cookies?

Profiling cookies are used to track the user’s navigation to create profiles on their tastes, preferences, interests, and even their searches. You may have noticed advertising banners related to a product you recently searched for on the internet. This happens because of the profiling of your interests, and the servers appropriately directed by cookies have shown you the ads considered most relevant.

  1. Is the user’s consent necessary to install cookies on their terminal?

No consent is required for the installation of technical cookies, while profiling cookies can only be installed on the user’s terminal after the user has given their consent and been informed in a simplified manner.

  1. How can webmasters request consent?

The Guarantor for Privacy has established that when a user accesses a website, a banner must appear containing a short information notice, the request for consent, and a link to the extended information notice like the one visible on this page about what profiling cookies are and how they are used on the site in question.

  1. How should the banner be implemented?

The banner must be designed to hide part of the page content and specify that the site uses profiling cookies, including third-party ones. The banner can only be removed with an active action by the user, such as clicking.

  1. What information should the banner contain?

The banner must contain the short information notice, the link to the extended information notice, and the button to give consent to the use of profiling cookies.

  1. How to document the consent to the use of cookies?

It is allowed to use a technical cookie that takes into account the user’s consent so that they do not have to give consent again on a subsequent visit to the site.

  1. Can consent to the use of cookies be obtained only with the banner?

No. Other systems can be used provided that the chosen system has the same requirements. The use of the banner is not necessary for sites that use only technical cookies.

  1. What should be included in the extended information notice?

The characteristics of the cookies installed, including those by third parties, should be explained. The user should also be informed about how to navigate the site without having their preferences tracked, with the possibility of incognito browsing and deleting individual cookies.

  1. Who is required to inform the Guarantor about the use of profiling cookies?

The site owner has this obligation. If only third-party profiling cookies are used on their site, there is no need to inform the Guarantor, but they must indicate which third-party cookies are used and provide links to the related information notices.

  1. When will this regulation come into effect?

The Guarantor has given one year to comply, and the deadline is June 2, 2015.


Log files: Like many other websites, this site also uses log files, which record the history of operations as they are performed. The information contained within the log files includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet Service Provider (ISP), date, time, entry and exit pages, and the number of clicks. All this is to analyze trends, administer the site, track user movement on the site, and gather demographic information, IP addresses, and other information. These data are not in any way linked to the user’s identity.

Cookies: uses cookies to store information about visitor preferences and the pages visited by the user, and to customize the content of the web page based on the browser type used and other information that the browser sends.

Facebook cookies: This site may have active Facebook plugins that can track the behavior of readers. For more information, you can consult Facebook’s Privacy Policy page.

The site and its administrator have no control over the cookies used by third parties, so it is advisable to consult the privacy policies of these third parties as well as the options to disable the collection of this information. The administrator of this site cannot control the activities of the advertisers on this blog. However, it is possible to disable cookies directly from your browser. The site does not use its own profiling cookies, but those present are exclusively controlled by third parties such as Google, Facebook, or Twitter.


As mentioned, analytics cookies are considered technical if used solely for optimization purposes and if users’ IPs are kept anonymous. We inform users that this site uses the free Google Analytics service. We remind users that the data are used only to obtain information about the most visited pages, the number of visitors, aggregate data on visits by operating system, browser, etc. These parameters are stored on Google servers, which manage Privacy according to these guidelines.

A user can disable Google Analytics while browsing by using the add-on available for Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Safari.


Browsing without the use of technical and profiling cookies is possible through what is called incognito browsing, which is feasible with all major browsers.

Further information on disabling cookies in Firefox, in English. Further information on disabling cookies in Chrome, in English. Further information on disabling cookies in Internet Explorer, in English. Further information on disabling cookies in Safari, in English. Further information on disabling cookies in Opera, in English.